Hsiang, T., N. Matsumoto and S. Millett. 1999. Biology And Management of Typhula Snow Molds of Turfgrass. Plant Disease 83:788-798. PDF file
1999 Summary Report for Research supported by the Canadian Turfgrass Research Foundation, Nu-Gro Corporation and the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada. 1999 Summary Report
Hsiang, T. 2000. Biological control of turfgrass snow molds. GreenMaster 35(5):12-15.
Hsiang, T. 2002. Cultural and Biological Management of Snow Molds. Presented at the Northeastern APS Meeting in Bromont, Quebec, 4 October 2002. (text only)
Hsiang, T. 2003. Diagnosing pink and grey snow molds, updated February 2003.
Hsiang, T. 2003. Management of Winter
Diseases. Presented at the New York State Turfgrass Association meeting
at Lake Placid, New York, 4 March 2003. (text only)
Hsiang, T. 2004. Amazing facts about snow molds . GreenMaster 39(5):24-26.
Yang Y, Chen F, and Hsiang T. 2006. Fertile sporophore production of Typhula phacorrhiza in the field is related to temperatures near freezing. Can. J. Microbiol. 52:9-15.
Hsiang, T. 2007.
Organic Control of Snow Molds. Golf Course Management 75(9):104. (September 2007).
"Snow molds are major diseases on golf courses in Canada and the Northern U.S. Regulations in some communities have superintendents seeking alternative means to to traditional fungicides to control snow molds. Seeds and tissues of various cruciferous species (such as mustards and canola) have been shown to inhibit snow mold fungi in lab and field tests. Oilseed radish was found to show greatest fungicidal activity in our previous research. Current research is examining the type of oilseed radish tissue and rate for effective snow mold control along with field testing of commercially available product containing tissue of oriental mustard for control of snow molds and other turf diseases. The results of this research may identify alternative means of snow mold control that superintendents can use in situations where traditional fungicides are not allowed. This research was funded by the Canadian Turfgrass Research Foundation." Other details on this research can be found in:
1) Hsiang T and Y. Yang. 2004. Control of snow molds by Brassica glucosinolates. Guelph Turfgrass Institute Annual Research Report 17:77-79.
2) Tian L, Hsiang T. 2007. Inhibition of Snow Mold Fungal Growth by Glucosinolate-containing Cruciferous Species. Guelph Turfgrass Institute Annual Research Report 20:53-56.
Hsiang, T. 2009.Development of a Biological Control for Turfgrass Snow Molds: From the Laboratory to a Commercial Product . Lecture presented in ENVB*4070, Biological and Cultural Control of Plant Diseases. March 2, 2009.Hsiang, T. 2009. Compiling reports on snow mold fungicides and disease enhancement (funded by the Ontario Turfgrass Research Foundation).